Assessment of a Pilot Memory Tool

Date

2016

Authors

Goodman, Jeffrey
Bright, Jocelyn
Kreitler, Crystal
Brewer, Steven

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Abstract

Research indicates that individuals are poor with memory recall, especially after time passage (Potter, Staub, Rado, & O'Connor, 2002). The current research piloted a vignette to establish reliability for the memory assessment to assist the investigators with future research. Two time conditions were evaluated. Results revealed significant differences between Time 1 and Time 2 responses and intraclass coefficients showed high reliability between two decoders. Method One hundred twenty-three (80 females, 42 males) undergraduate students voluntarily participated for course extra credit. Course membership assigned participants to one of the two Time 1 groups—immediate response (n=67) and 15 minute response (n=56). Participants were asked to read the vignette for one and a half minutes, recalling details according to the assigned time condition. Participants provided a Time 2, seven day, recollection response (n=104). Two Graduate Students appraised the Accuracy of free-recalled written responses. The interrater reliability coefficients obtained for Time 1 (Accuracy) and Time 2 (Accuracy) fields were .99 and .99. Results Memory recollection was analyzed using a repeated measures 2 (Time 1 vs Time 2) x 2 between measures (0 minutes vs 15 minutes) mixed factorial ANOVA. A significant main effect was obtained, F(1, 91) = 64.54, p < .01. Participants reported less memory accuracy for Time 2 (M = 4.64, SD = 3.08) versus Time 1 (M = 6.66, SD = 3.75). Conclusion Results supported the expectation of a significant difference in memory recollection between Time 1 and Time 2. The tool revealed strong reliability between raters.

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Keywords

Assessment, Memory Tool, Pilot Memory Tool, Memory, Memory Recall, Vignette

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