LANGUAGE PREFERENCE, AGE, AND HEALTH LITERACY: AN EXPLORATION OF BREAST HEALTH KNOWLEDGE IN THE CONCHO VALLEY

Date

2020-05

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Abstract

This pilot project explored the relationship between breast health knowledge and language preference among English and Spanish speakers in the Concho Valley. It was conducted with The Laura W. Bush Mammogram Program who provide breast health services to qualifying individuals. A retrospective study of their program database showed elevated levels of breast cancer diagnoses in Hispanic populations, and existing literature has explored the relationship between language preferences, socioeconomic level, and health knowledge. Attendees at local health events were surveyed about breast health knowledge in their primary language, and the results were analyzed. A chi-square test of independence was calculated comparing whether language preference and survey scores were independent, and a significant interaction was found. Additionally, a one-way ANOVA comparing the overall survey scores and age groups found a statistically significant difference. With statistically significant results supporting a relationship between language preference or age and breast health knowledge, the distribution of critical health information should be tailored to ensure all patients are able to make knowledgeable decisions about their health.

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Keywords

health literacy, breast cancer, language preference

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