Universality of therapeutic processes across different counseling modalities



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



A consensus has not been made to what counseling therapeutic modality is the most effective. There are many theories and forms of integration to provide psychotherapy services and deciding which therapeutic orientation to use specially for beginning therapists can be daunting. Luckily, there are training models that have been developed for beginning therapists to conceptualize the therapy process in a variety of ways. One of which is The Key Strategies Process for Individual Training Model (KST-IP) which conceptualizes three modalities at once and assumes that all therapeutic modalities share common processes. This study explored the processes and strategies suggested by the KST-IP model in the terms of perceived importance of practicing clinicians in the field of psychology of eight different therapeutic modalities. Results showed significant results that clinicians regardless of their therapeutic orientation find the processes and strategies proposed by the KST-IP model to be important.



counseling training model, therapeutic modalities, integrative therapy