Leading and Learning: Understanding and Reducing Intelligence Leadership Failures



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This research study is an analysis of leadership qualities and traits that are required in our Intelligence Community (IC) leaders in order to reduce intelligence failures. This work has involved gathering and studying extensive literature review, to include intelligence-agency unclassified historical documents and published material written by government officials to support the argument that intelligence failures can be reduced by emphasizing the use of education, training, and experience within an intelligence leader. A comparative analysis was used to illustrate the importance of these key elements through the use of historical case studies – the 2012 Benghazi attacks, Pearl Harbor and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Analysis of these case studies led us to conclude the importance and necessity of ensuring our intelligence leaders receive and seek the proper education, training and experience in order to maximize our efforts toward maintaining our national security.



Intelligence, Leadership, Intelligence Community, Intelligence Failures