CYBER OPERATIONS: THE NEW REVISIONIST GRAY ZONE TOOL
Lee, William Herbert Leon
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The weaponization of networked technology is a political tool—still in its infancy— that exists between the realms of hard and soft power. This allows nation-states to achieve strategic objectives without breaking the threshold of an act of war. State sponsored cyber operations are a more aggressive political tool than soft power but not as aggressive as hard power and armed force in most instances. Proper utilization of cyber tools and cyber deterrence can achieve tangible strategic goals that otherwise would only be attainable through physical warfare. This thesis will demonstrate how Russia and China as revisionist powers have successfully utilized cyber in this way, ushering in a new period of nation-state rivalry.