ItemDiplomatic pressure: Adolfo Domínguez, civil rights and World War II(Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018-09-21) Gritter, MatthewAs people of Mexican Origin immigrated to the United States in the early twentieth century they were often marginalized from society and government institutions. Many turned to the network of Mexican consuls located throughout the Southwestern United States. In this paper I argue that Mexican consul Adolfo Domínguez played a pivotal role in incorporating people of Mexican Origin into the World War II era Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) that investigated complaints of discrimination. Domínguez used international pressure and relationships with Mexican American civil rights leaders to incorporate people of Mexican origin, including American citizens, into the work of the FEPC. Domínguez served as a personal diplomat between people of Mexican origin in the United States and the United States government. ItemBig government conservatism, expanding and reframing food stamps: George W. Bush, welfare reform and the 2002 Farm Bill(Nova Science Publishers, 2016-10) Gritter, MatthewGeorge W. Bush was elected to the presidency in 2000 with a vision of compassionate conservatism. Attention has been devoted to his supply side fiscal policy and his expansionist foreign policy. However, less attention has been devoted to his social policy, particularly his expansion of the food stamp program. The 2002 Farm Bill, espoused and advocated by George W. Bush, expanded access to food stamps and restored eligibility to immigrants. In this chapter, I argue the food stamp expansion allowed George W. Bush to express his compassionate conservatism by examining the way he framed support of the program around traditional conservative themes such as the deserving poor and the need to reduce government waste and regulation. ItemLocke and the desire for immortality(2017-01-12) Hunt, Bruce A.Many scholars of John Locke’s political thought argue that for him people are naturally reasonable and rights-respecting, but this view appears to contradict the simple fact that for Locke most people are vicious. It is also doubtful that this contradiction can be relaxed by interpreting viciousness as being the same, or compatible with, being reasonable. Scholars also agree that under Locke’s social compact theory, consent is necessary for government to be legitimate. Yet when most people are vicious, we lack a clear answer for how a reasonable, rights-respecting people can emerge such that they in turn form and consent to reasonable, rights-respecting government. I address these tensions by directing attention to Locke’s view on the desire for immortality, which when satisfied by a reasonable religious faith (exemplified by his view of Christianity) motivates people to become sufficiently reasonable and rights-respecting members of a safe and legitimate social compact. ItemLocke on equality(SAGE Publications, 2016-06-01) Hunt, Bruce A.Scholars overlook that Locke has two distinct concepts of equality entrenched in his political theory. By recovering the centrality of natural law in Locke, these two concepts of equality can be easily identified. The first I call “natural equality,” which includes every human being regardless of rational capacity, each possessing rights to life, liberty, and property. The second is “law-abiding equality,” which includes the subset of people who adequately recognize the dictates of natural law. This distinction is significant because it helps overcome the conflict in liberalism between universal dignity and the necessarily exclusionary character of citizenship.